Billionaires, Redistribution & Inheritance

It always irritates me how people measure the wealth of billionaires with their own mindset. “$100 billion? You can’t spend that! He has too much! How many people could have a nice life with this money… We should do something about it!”. Or they count how many houses and yachts they can afford.

I see a few problems with this kind of thinking:

  1. Billionaires do not have all their wealth at disposal. If they wanted to liquidate all at once, they would have to sell all their shares in the companies they helped to build.
  2. Even if you could get $100 billion, you would be able to give 100 million people $1000 each, which they would have spent in a month on some perishable goods, and the long-term effect would be zero. Meanwhile a $100 billion dollar company will make a difference in the lives of many people for years to come.
  3. Billionaires are people who usually only spend a small chunk of their wealth on consumption, the rest is invested in factories and research. Liquidating and consuming their wealth is the dumbest thing you can do, if you look for long-term effects. I’d rather Elon Musk have $100 billion at disposal than a 100 milion random people each a $1000.
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This topic then is directly connected to the Universal Basic Income theory. If you give every person X CHF per month/year how do you know they won’t spend it on some dumb thing? You can start giving food money (aka food stamps) that they can use only to buy food. And for rent? Maybe government buildings? We slide back east if we follow this path…

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In ma0’s defence, he could argue that he thought it was the German “Billion”*, where 800 Billionen / 330 Millionen is indeed 2.4 Millionen. :wink: :slight_smile:

  • Billion steht im internationalen Sprachgebrauch für die Zahl 1000 Milliarden oder 1.000.000.000.000 = 10^12… unter anderem im Deutschen, Französischen, Italienischen, Polnischen und in Portugal …

We may need to brush up on these “semantics”, because once hyper-inflation hits us, we’ll be using daily. How many billions for that pumpkin? Hello, do you mean the US billion or the German Billion?

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Given that 2/3 of the world population lives with less than 10 USD a day and 10% earn less than 1.9 USD a day, 1000 USD would make a big difference in the lives of those random 100 million people. I seriously doubt Musk would do more good if he had the whole pot.

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So those 800 million with less than 1.9$/day would consume that money within a couple of months. Then what?

You know the saying about teaching someone to fish.

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There is even a big wikipedia article on this. Personally, I’m a fan of the short scale, but in Polish we also have milion, miliard, bilion, biliard. Confusing!

Btw even Google is struggling…

I was thinking more about random Americans. If you gave all Nigerians/Somalis/Congolese each $1000, this would end up in big inflation in their countries. You can’t compare 10 USD in USA with 10 USD in Africa. Giving someone $1000 increases his purchasing power relative to the people around him. Giving everybody $1000 would have them fighting for limited consumer goods. Maybe you would see a short-lived spike in imports. But yeah, dream on your socialist dream, dude! :smiley:

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They would consume them in a couple of months because they have pressing needs to be met. I can’t believe there can even be a discussion whether it is better to help the poor or give the money to Elon Musk, who is, like us, just lucky to be born in the right place.

Right, that makes your statement a little less painful to read for my socialist dude’s eyes.

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Because you frame it wrong. It’s not about giving a rich Elon Musk some more billions to buy yachts and mansions. I just have trust in him putting this money to better use.

Imagine a village where the most valuable thing is a tractor, which belongs to the village leader and helps with cultivating land. One day a traveller comes by and he offers each villager $1000 if he can take the tractor.

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The other lens through which to analysis this is the “decision power” or the “power balance”. If we accept such high net worth in our society based on the fact that they can do much good by spending it efficiently, isn’t it anti democratic?
If I understand you correctly, you say that most billionaire shall have much more decision power than millions of people because they are smarter? But what are the checks and balances to restrict “bad billionaires”?
For one Musk billionaire, how many Koch is there?

One example I like is the tax deduction of the hundreds of millions given to repair the burnt cathedral in Paris. If you take someone who gives 100 millions with a tax bracket of 20%, you basically allow him to redirect 20 millions of taxes to something he likes. Shall an non-elected person have so much power?

I believe we should remove barriers for poor people to get rich. Many barriers exist to cement the position of big corporations or certain groups of interest. You want to do business, you need to get a license, have all the papers in check, adhere to all regulations. It’s much easier to do (or it’s only worth the trouble) if you’re big already.

So I believe that you should reduce inequality by removing hurdles for the little guy, not by taxing/fighting the big guy. If you dissolve a monopoly by force, then you fight the effect, not the cause (what allowed to form a monopoly and prevented smaller companies from being able to fight).

Yes, I am very much afraid of big corporations having too much power, but I don’t think you will make the World a better place if you simply consume the capital that we have accumulated over generations.

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I don’t see how we can try to remove inequality without touching the accumulated capital. Especially in a world where accumulated capital generates more money that working people.
Maybe just by printing money to give people an universal income?

Before the 1st world war, the only way to have good life for a lady was to marry someone who had family capital. Even marrying a doctor or a lawyer brought you just outside of poverty. ( The book Pride and Prejudice picture pictures this nicely).

With human being what we are, do you see any way to reduce inequality without limiting the wealth accumulation past a few 10 millions per person?

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It’s a myth. The richest people keep constantly changing over generations. I think there was one nice case of Vanderbilt, who made sure his billions were preserved nicely within the family. The family keeps meeting every year. Today, there is not even one millionaire left among them. The ability to accumulate capital is not hereditary. People spend money or make bad investment decisions. It’s a competitive World.

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You seem to think that it is always the same people who are benefitting from this capital, i.e once someone is in the top 1% wealthiest people, he will stay there (that was as well the thesis of Piketty).

The flaw here is that in many countries, the top 1% is a dynamic place, i.e you have often no guarantee to stay there. This kind of wealth usually happens if you provide a massive added value to society.
It is true in United States, it is less true in many European countries.

To quote Nassim Taleb:

Now i find it funny that the most “static” countries are those where there is supposed to be the most redistribution. I guess a strong State is firstly a way of making sure that part of the redistribution lands in the “right pockets”…

EDIT: burned by Bojack.

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I believe the great majority of rich people could become rich, if not by inheritance, because of the favourable conditions in which they were born: right country, right region, right family.

Let’s focus on one country alone, how can you try and reduce the inequality of “starting positions” without taxing the rich and using those money to make sure also the poor can have access to quality education, health care, etc?

Just because inheritance doesn’t fully explain wealth distribution doesn’t mean it isn’t an important factor:

Also, the Vanderbilt family is probably a poor example. Many of the offspring of Vanderbilt actually ended up very well-off. Just read their wikipedia article.

You can inherit little and still benefit from your parents relative wealth and status.
(E.g. Gates, Buffet or Zuckerberg)

You can belief that billionaires have mostly earned every penny they have and still be in favor of more redistribution of wealth.

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But Taleb also notes that those, more static, countries, are also more equal. What’s more important? More equality, or more dynamics?

I got reminded of this comic strip

You misunderstood what Taleb says. The quote you are referring to is “This is visibly not the same for the more static –but nominally more equal –Europe.

The “nominally” is here for a reason: Taleb means that european countries call themselves more equal, but aren’t. Otherwise, he would not continue by saying that :
The way to make society more equal is by forcing (through skin in the game) the rich to be subjected to the risk of exiting from the one percent

More equality = More dynamism.

Equality should be equality of opportunity, not equality of outcome.

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