I think we have three things to look at here.
First: We need to give young people a context that makes sense to them
For example, we read De rerum natura by the Roman poet Lucretius. This text is an important source for Epicurean philosophy. But we had no idea. Maybe we were told, but we certainly didn’t know what it meant. Also because our philosophy teacher preferred to read Immanuel Kant – with 16-year old teenagers!
We were completely and utterly lost. Many of the things that I was supposed to learn at school made no sense to me because I had absolutely no context. We were doing things because the teacher said so. And they failed to give us context.
Second: We need a better balanced and high-quality education
I agree that Latin poetry is important. In hindsight, I do not regret the time spent at school reading Latin. Actually, hardly anything that I learned at school was superfluous. But some important things were missing or of low quality: No education in finances, a history education that left out many important pieces, math classes that failed to include linear algebra (I learned that from scratch at the University, but most other students seemed to know at least the basics already), German classes that skipped the some of the most important authors and books, etc
Third: A reform of our pension system
I believe that the current pension system worked fine in a demographically and politically different world. Yet now we have a lot of people about to retire and switch sides from contributors to beneficiaries. And interest rates are at an all-time low. That’s poison for a system like ours. Also, I believe the system is unnecessarily complicated. Especially the 2nd pillar is absurdly complicated. Considering that people a) do what’s easiest and b) postpone tasks to the future if they can (especially the young), I conclude that c) we need an easier and demographically more robust system. This is not the place to start coming up with ideas, and I’m certainly not the best qualified person for the task, but I think we need to rethink some aspects.